Old Australian Food Recipes

Subtitle

The Cook's Helpers

 OLD AUSSIE TUCKER-COLLECTABLE COOKBOOKS-FUCHSIA/GERANIUMS

Cooking Measures & Handy References

(Print out for quick referral. Please allow yourself a few minutes to read) 

Australian

American

Bacon Rashers

Canadian Bacon

Biscuits

Cookies

Essence

Extract

Castor Sugar

Superfine Sugar

Capsicum

Sweet or Bell Pepper

Copha

White Veg Shortening

Stock Cubes

Boullion Cubes

Lamington Tin

13" x 9" x 2" pan

Flour (plain)

All Purpose Flour

Flour (self raising)

Self Rising Flour

Cornflour

Cornstarch

Desiccated Coconut

Shredded Coconut

Flour (wholemeal)

Whole Wheat Flour

Rockmelon

Cantaloupe

Shallots

Scallions

Swiss Roll Tin

Jelly Roll Pan

Ring Tin

Tube Pan

King Prawns

Jumbo Shrimp

Cake Tin

Baking Pan

Sultanas

Golden Seedless Raisins

Gelatine

Unflavoured Gelatine

Ghee

Clarified Butter

Icing Sugar

Confectioners Sugar

Glace' Cherries

Mari chino Cherries

Mince Meat

Ground Beef

Paw Paw

Papaya

Patty Cups

Paper Cupcake Holders

Greaseproof Paper

Wax Paper

Tea Towel

Dish Towel

Baking Tray

Cookie Sheet

Bicarbonate of Soda

Baking Soda

Dry Measure

Metric

Imperial

15g

1/2 oz

30g

1 oz

60g

2 oz

100g

3 1/2 oz

124g

4 oz

155g

5 oz

220g

7 oz

250g

1/2 lb

280g

9 oz

315g

10 oz

345g

11 oz

375g

12 oz

440g

14 oz

500g

16 oz (1 lb)

1 kg

32 oz

Liquid Measure

Metric

Imperial

30ml

1 fluid oz

100ml

3 fluid oz

125ml

4 fluid oz

150ml

5 fluid oz (1/4 pint)

150ml

1 gill

185 ml

6 fluid oz

250ml

8 fluid oz

300ml

10 fluid oz

300ml

1/2 pint

500ml

16 fluid oz

600ml

One pint

750ml

24 fluid oz

1000ml

32 fluid oz

1 litre

1 3/4 pints

1200ml

One quart (gallon)

Odd Measures

10 eggs

1 pound

dash of pepper

3 good shakes

4 cups flour

1 pound

4 tablespoons liquid

1/4 cup

1 gill

1/2 cup

2 gills

1 cup liquid

2 gills

1/2 pint

4 gills

1 pint

2 pints

1 quart

4 tablespoons liquid

1/4 cup

1 even cup butter

1/2 lb

1 heaped teaspoon butter

2 ounces

2 cups granulated sugar

1 pound

2 1/2 cups icing sugar

1 pound

1 pint liquid

1 pound

1 spoonful

heaped spoonful

1/2 spoonful

level spoonful

Temperatures and Conversions

In Reference to.......

Fahrenheit

Celsius

Very cool oven

225°-250°

107°-121°

Cool oven

275°-300°

135°-149°

Very moderate oven

325°

163°

Moderate oven

350°-375°

177°-191°

Moderately hot oven

400°

205°

Hot oven

425°-450°

218°-233°

Very hot oven

475°

246°

More Cooking Helpers

Scant = Not quite full measure

Tammy Cloth = A fine woollen cloth

Fats, dripping, lard, etc can be substituted with your selected oils.

Clarified Fat = Melt fat then add raw potato cut in quarter-inch slices and allow the fat to gradually heat. When the fat ceases to bubble and potatoes are browned, strain fat through double cheesecloth into a pan for use. Potato will absorb fat odours and sediment.

All oven temperatures are based on the standard wood oven, gas oven and electric oven.

Second Stock = Made from the meat and the bones that remain after the first stock is strained off. Fresh water and veges are added.

Flour = Unless otherwise stated, "flour" refers to plain flour.

Red or Green Pepper = Capsicum

Stewpan = Large frypan type utensil with lid used for stews and casseroles

Muslin Bag = Cloth bag used for holding additives and spices in for submerging in casseroles, soups, stews, etc. They allow you to flavour foods with whole spices and herbs without having to strain them out before serving.

Quantities for Catering

Three quarts of milk is the usual allowance for afternoon tea for 100 people.

One pound of sugar is usually ample for one hundred people.

One quart of ice cream will be enough for 18 small plates.

One quart of pudding or jelly is enough for 12 small servings at a party

One loaf of bread will cut into 36 slices, making 18 rounds of sandwiches which will cut into 72 small ones.

A half pound of butter creamed is sufficient to spread a loaf of bread for sandwiches or six dozen scones.

Three pounds of cocktail frankfurts will serve 40 people

Miscellaneous

Golden Syrup is made from Sugar Cane and may only be similar to Corn Syrup.

Copha is mainly used to make chocolate confectionary but can be found in variety of products. Commonly called "Coconut Butter" in the U.S. The term "butter" is exclusive in Australia to the dairy industry, with a few minor exceptions such as peanut butter.

 

Australian American

Foods and Ingredients

Bacon rashers Bacon slices
Bicarbonate of soda Baking soda
Biscuits Crackers or Cookies
Boiling fowl Stewing fowl
Broad beans Lima beans
Cake mixture Cake batter
Castor sugar Granulated sugar
Celery stick Celery stalk
Chipolata sausages Cocktail sausages
Cornflour Cornstarch
Chips French fried potatoes
Demerara sugar Light brown sugar
Desiccated coconut Flaked coconut
Digestive biscuits Graham crackers
Double cream Whipping cream
Essence Extract
Fats Shortening
Flaked almonds Slivered almonds
Frosting sugar Powdered sugar
Glaced Candied
Golden syrup Light corn syrup
Icing Frosting
Jam Preserves
Mince/mince meat Ground beef
Nut of butter Pat of butter
Ratafia biscuits Almond flavoured cookies
Roast Potatoes Oven browned potatoes
Scone Shortcake
Self raising flour All-purpose flour including baking powder
Single cream Light cream
Soft brown sugar Light brown sugar
Spring onion Scallion or green onion
Stewing steak Braising beef
Stoned raisins Seedless raisins
Sultanas Seedless white raisins
Treacle Molasses
Unsalted butter Sweet butter

Cooking Equipment and Tools

Baking sheet or tray Cookie sheet
Case Pie shell
Fry Pan Fry with oil or fat
Frying pan Skillet
Girdle Griddle
Grate Shred
Greaseproof paper Wax paper
Grill Broil
Gut Clean
Knead Punch down
Large pot Dutch oven or similar
Mince Grind
Polythene Plastic wrap
Pudding cloth Cheesecloth
Roasting tin Roasting pan with rack
Sandwich tins Round-layer pans
Sieve Sift
Stewpan or pan Kettle
Whisk Beat/whip

Oddments & Explanations

Level teaspoon = Draw a knife over edges.
Drop Dough = One measure of liquid to two measures of flour.
Stiff Dough = One measure of liquid to three measures of flour.

Cooking

Broiling = Applying intense heat by a fire to sear the surfaces of fish or meat, then reducing heat until food is cooked. Temperature is 375 to 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
Fats or cooking oils  should be hot enough to prevent the cooking food from absorbing the oils.
Frying = Cooking in deep fats or oils
Poaching = Cooking at 1160-180 degrees Fahrenheit
Stewing = Cooking at 186 degrees Fahrenheit
Braising = Cooking food in slow oven with moisture surrounding food in the pan.
Simmering = Cooking food in water below boiling point or about 185 degrees Fahrenheit

Milk

Milk is sterilized at 212 degrees Fahrenheit holding that temperature half an hour.
Milk is pasteurized at 165 Fahrenheit holding at that temperature twenty minutes.
Milk scalds at 196 degrees Fahrenheit when in double boiler.
Milk boils at 214 degrees Fahrenheit

 Online Conversions - Welcome to online conversions, convert just about any measurement

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